Photograph by Simon Brubaker
3.2% 不置可否 /不适用
10.8%这将是一个非事件 -- 我已经支付了比这更多的钱。
Nearly a third (29.4%) ofrestaurant operators already pay $15 an hour or above, according to a surveyconducted in mid-July by RestaurantBusiness.
So why has that pay levelbecome so controversial?
The same survey found thatmany in the remaining two-thirds of employers don’t believe the traditionalrestaurant business model can function at that threshold. Nearly 1 in 5operators (19.5%) said they could not remain in operation with labor costs of thatscale.
A slightly smaller percentage(11.8%) indicated that they would immediately consider closing if a $15 wagewas enacted. And just under a third of the industry (29.5%) believes a mandatedhike to $15 “would kill the restaurant industry.”
Conversely, only 10.8% ofoperators say a $15 wage would be a ho-hum development because they already payat least that much
Respondents cited two majorill effects if a $15 minimum wage is imposed, one immediate and one deferred.First, a significant majority (59.3%) said they would need to raise wagesacross the board to keep a differential between skilled veterans and greenhornhires in less-demanding posts. That so-called ratcheting effect wouldsignificantly amplify the squeeze on margins.
Second, nearly 4 out of 5restaurants (79.3%) reported they would raise menu prices to temper the impacton margins. Other research shows that prices are already jumping at ahead-turning rate. What remains unknown is how consumers will react to thatinflation as their pent-up demand is sated and the cost of other essentials,like gasoline, continues to rise.
A majority of the respondents(51.3%) said they’re not opposed to raising the national minimum wage. But theyobject to raising it all the way to $15 an hour. Only 10.8% said they regard$15 as a fair new wage limit.
If theminimum wage was increased to $15 an hour in the markets where your restaurantsare located, which of the following actions would you expect to take?
33.2% I would eliminate the jobs
40.5% I would cut hours
59.3% I would need to raise wages, including those of hourly employeesalready earning $15 or more an hour, so called ratchet effect
11.8% I would consider closing
79.3% I would raise prices
9.4% Don’t know yet
3.2% Not applicable
Which of the statements below bestreflects your feelings about an increase in the minimum wage to $15 an hour inthe markets served by your restaurants?
10.8% It would be a non-event -- Ialready pay more than that.
4.7% I’m all for it. Increasing thewage will give consumers more money to spend in my restaurants.
10.8% $15 an hour is a fair wage
51.3% I don’t oppose an increase in the federal minimum wage, but $15 is toohigh.
19.5% It would kill my restaurant.
29.5% It would kill the restaurant industry.
3.2% Don’t know /not applicable.